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22-05-2024 23:39

Marc Detollenaere Marc Detollenaere

Dear Forum,On debarked Fagus I found some small wh

21-05-2024 17:48

Karl Soler Kinnerbäck

Hi all,Could this be Venturioscypha or Venturiocis

21-05-2024 11:33

Nihad Omerovic

Hello,found on dead, dry, attached (and fallen) tw

07-11-2018 08:34

Zuzana Sochorová (Egertová) Zuzana Sochorová (Egertová)

Hello, could someone send this publication to me

21-05-2024 09:15

Pierre Repellin

Bonjour à tous,L'ouvrage de Björn Wergen: Handbo

21-05-2024 16:12

Thomas Flammer

Substrate: not quite sure, on pluvious stem of a h

21-05-2024 11:13

Ursula Kozik

Hallo und guten Tag, habe eine Frage zur Farbe ei

17-05-2024 16:25

Pavel Jiracek

Erioscyphella lunata, found on a fallen needle of

20-05-2024 21:28

Nihad Omerovic

Hello,Found this Orbilia on a dry, attached twig o

18-05-2024 10:47

Anna Klos

Goodmorning,We found this tiny ascomycete (max. 1m

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Help with a black discomycete
Josep Torres, 20-04-2024 09:56
Josep TorresHello.
A few apothecia collected on Sunday, April 7, under beech and oak trees, on the stripped surface of a trunk lying on the ground, sharing space with what appears to be Orbilia eucalypti.
Ascomas in the form of black grains of about 0.7 mm. in diameter, little rooted in the substrate.
Hyphae of the excipule angular, more or less rectangular, strongly pigmented.
Octosporic asci, apparently bitunicate, with measurements of (75.8) 78.9 - 96.8 (101.9) × (11) 11.1 - 14.4 (16.1) µm. with an average of Me = 89 × 12.9 µm., without any considerable reaction to Lugol.
Interascal matter like a paraphysis, filiform, with a width of just 1 µm, with a dark amorphous substance at the apex and protruding slightly above the level of the asci.
Free ascospores scarce in the samples, these ascospores between fusiform and moriform, with a somewhat more pointed end, with 8 to 10 transverse septa and some longitudinal septa, with measurements of 15.1 - 21.1 × 4.8 - 5.4 µm.
Any suggestion from you will be welcome.
Thank you very much in advance.
Kind regards.
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Hans-Otto Baral, 20-04-2024 11:20
Hans-Otto Baral
Re : Help with a black discomycete
The asci are not really bitunicate like in Patellaria, the wall is too thin. But this is gradual.

Should be Vexillomyces (formerly Claussenomyces) atrovirens or something closely related. The ascoconidia finally form balls around the spores (upper ascus in your first ascus photo) and are ellipsoid.
Josep Torres, 20-04-2024 14:17
Josep Torres
Re : Help with a black discomycete
Thanks Zotto.
I didn't know about the ascoconidia balls, and it does fit perfectly with the bibliography that I have been able to consult on Vexillomyces atrovirens.
Vexillomyces atrovirens sl. is therefore very likely.
Again, thank you very much.
Kind regards.