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26-10-2020 09:58


Hi.Here is the tiny white discomycete (~0.1 mm Ø)

25-10-2020 17:53

Guy Buddy

Good day,This fungus was fruiting abundantly from

26-10-2020 07:48

Blasco Rafael Blasco Rafael

Hola, esta muestra estaba sobre tallos de Angelica

25-10-2020 12:35

Juuso Äikäs

These were growing on a low branch of a deciduous

25-10-2020 18:32

Mirek Gryc

HelloSomeone help?Mirek

23-10-2020 21:50

Dirk Baert

Hello,I fund this Helicoon spec. on rot wood.anyon

24-10-2020 14:28

Castillo Joseba Castillo Joseba

De esta mañana recolectada  en acicullas de abet

23-10-2020 12:57

Marek Wolkowycki Marek Wolkowycki

Hello Bia?owie?a Primeval Forest on live shoots o

23-10-2020 12:02

Stephen Mifsud Stephen Mifsud

Hi, I found small white-cream colonies on decaying

23-10-2020 19:45

Angel Pintos Angel Pintos

Hello, anybody have:?Kohlmeyer, J. and Kohlmeyer,

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Joop van der Lee, 30-09-2020 10:02
Joop van der LeeFound on horse dung.

Not directly recognized as a Pyxidiophora species.

Only not able to determine what kind of Pyxidiophora this is, so I asked  David Malloch who studied Pyxidiophora species for his opinion

Perithecia: rounded 149-178 um in diameter, with a dark brown neck 274-285x8.0-10.0 um wide, at the base 15.0-16.0 um wide and the top 10.5-11.5 um wide.
Peridium: membranaceous, semi-transparent, with large angular outer cells not covering the whole perithecium.
Hairs: hyaline, septated 75-79 um long 1.75-2.2 um wide, at the base 3.5-4.2 um wide with a rounded top.
Paraphyses: lacking
Ascus: unitunicate, number of spores unknown, 51.0x16.2 um.
Spore: 33.5x5.5 um.

The following is the response from David Malloch:

Your collection has smaller ascospores than most described species of Pyxidiophora. My first guess was Pyxidiophora microspora (Hawksworth & Webster) Lundqvist but that species was not described with stiff hairs on the perithecium. As Lundqvist said, Mycorhynchus brunneocapitatus Hawksworth and Webster may be the same thing but with slightly more mature ascospores. I have attached the Hawksworth and Webster paper where these two species were described.

Meredith Blackwell and I also discussed another species that has small spores. We were unable to identify it and found that the literature on most species, including P. microspora, was too incomplete to allow a positive identification. I have also attached that paper.

In New Brunswick we sometimes get another species with small spores that consistently grows on seaweed washed up on the beach. We have called that one P. lilliputiana but have not published the name. The perithecia lack stiff hairs like yours.

As we discovered in our work, Pyxidiophora species have very complex life cycles involving two hosts, a fungus and a mite, and often several spore types. The available literature on this genus is not detailed enough to compare collections. As we say in English, we have "thrown in the towel" and have abandoned all efforts to name species of Pyxidiophora.


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