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04-08-2020 22:32

Edouard Evangelisti Edouard Evangelisti

Bonjour le forum, J'ai trouvé dernièrement une

04-08-2020 22:24

Matthias Mann Matthias Mann

Liebe Asco-Freunde, cher Asco-ami, Auf morschem,

04-08-2020 15:52

Hardware Tony Hardware Tony

Found a small group of inoperculate cup ascos unde

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Juuso Äikäs

I came by a shrub of some kind in a park-like envi

23-10-2016 17:55

Elisabeth Stöckli

Bonsoir, Sur tiges mortes d'Equisetum arvense tro

09-07-2020 00:39

Valencia Lopez Francisco Javier

Hola a todosEncontré este curioso ascomycete a me

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Castillo Joseba Castillo Joseba

de ayer en bosque de abetos y hayas,   recolecta

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Garcia Susana

Hola, He encontrado un solo apotecio creciendo so

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Marcel Heyligen Marcel Heyligen

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Peziza sp.
Sergey Markov, 07-07-2020 13:34
I found this peziza sp. on loamy soil - on the ground from a molehill that crumbled into a pit. Apothecia diameter up to 30 mm.

(15.62) 16.09 - 17.70 (18.52) × (7.15) 7.86 - 9.13 (9.25) µm
Q = (1.78) 1.83 - 2.12 (2.26) ; N = 45
Me = 16.86 × 8.53 µm ; Qe = 1.98
warts up to 1.5 um.

Peziza limnaea ? But no any olivaceus tones on apothecia...

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Sergey Markov, 09-07-2020 14:10
Re : Peziza sp.
Additional information.

More photos with spore ornamentation - from spore print (previous was from squashed hymenium). Ornamentation height as previous, up to 1.5 um.

Attempt to find croizers was unsuccesful - no croizers (may be due to maturity of ascomata?). Found inflated cells at the base of some paraphyses. Found gel-like greenish pigment in subhymenium and at the base of paraphyses/asci.

Please help with identification. May be more information is needed? Later i can measure spores from spore print (previous from squashed hymenium).
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Nicolas VAN VOOREN, 09-07-2020 14:23
Re : Peziza sp.
I don't recognize the spore ornamentation of P. limnaea on your photos, and this species have a bit larger ascopores. Your collection may be closer to P. depressa.
The asci you show have croziers.
Sergey Markov, 09-07-2020 17:46
Re : Peziza sp.
Thank You very much!

I checked the excipulum, outer is type globulosa intermixed with t. angularis (according Hohmeyer 1986), inner is t. intricata - this ideal fits into description of P.depressa

Ornamentation (Hohmeyer. 1986, B.Spooner 2001) of ascospores of P.depressa should contain +- regular warts, but i see many ridges (elongated waarts) and warts with some interconnects, irregular on many spores. Moreover (acc. B.Spooner, 2001) width of most spores of P.depressa should fit into 10..12 um. My case is 8..9.5 um. Therefore, I assumed here P.limnaea with some doubts.

Now, a look to the excipulum additionally shows that it is not P.limnaea. I collected a couple more mature species and put them again to make a spore print. I hope that the new microphotos of ornamentation will be better and there will be more accurate measurements of the ascospores that left the asci on their own.

At now, it remains only to consider it close to P.depressa, but not P.depressa.

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Sergey Markov, 10-07-2020 15:30
Re : Peziza sp.
Additional information - spores from spore print from mature ascomata with focus on ornamentation. Ornamentation contains irregular warts and ridges with some interconnections. Height of ornamentation up to 1.5 um.

Measurement of this spore set:

(15.99) 16.60 - 18.80 (19.57) × (7.83) 8.17 - 9.41 (9.99) µm
Q = (1.80) 1.86 - 2.16 (2.40) ; N = 27
Me = 17.74 × 8.77 µm ; Qe = 2.03

IMO, such ornamentation and width of spores is not very suitable for P.depressa but excipulum structure is from P.depressa. I myself still can not choose the appropriate species for these parameters
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Mirek Gryc, 10-07-2020 21:31
Re : Peziza sp.
Hi Sergey
Your determination in identifying this species forced me to speak, although I will probably not bring anything new.
Last year, late in the fall, I found Peziz that were similar to yours. I could not identify them so I put in my atlas as "Peziza sp."
You can see photos and description at:
This year I found the same species in the same place. I wondered why last year they grew in late autumn and this year in spring. The explanation is rather simple. Last year, it was very dry since early spring, which meant that no mushrooms grew. It wasn't until late autumn that the rainfall increased slightly. This year is completely different. Rains, although not very abundant but occur regularly.
You mention that you haven't seen the olive shades. For me, not all fruiting bodies had an olive shade.
Initially, I also found them to be P. limnaea, but spore ornamentation was inappropriate for this species. The macro features were similar to P. depressa so I took this species into consideration but the ornamentation also did not match this species.

I did not personally find P. depressa, but I had the pleasure to microscope it, the ornamentation looked completely different.

I think it could be the same genre?
The size of the spores is very similar, also the ornamentation.
The intricate texture you are presenting does not look typical. As in my sporocarps, medullary excipulum also consists of oval cells.
Unfortunately, but this year because of the lack of time, I did not take good micro photos. I put some macro photos and a view of the spores.
Compare if you want.
best regards
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Sergey Markov, 10-07-2020 22:22
Re : Peziza sp.
Thank You, Mirek!

Everything looks very similar. Moreover, my species also found near Salix (Salix caprea) after long and heavy rains. I added two microphotos of subhymenium, it contains mix of globose and elongated cells, as in your specimens. Also i added one photo of outer (ectal) excipulum and two macro photos

I am sure that your and my collections belongs to the same species.

About P.berthetiana i think that it can show the same spore size, but should contain brown pigment in apical parts of paraphyses, and some paraphyses should be branched. In my case paraphyses are completely hyaline and not branched. And P.berthetiana doesn't have croziers, but this species have.

WBR, Sergey
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Mirek Gryc, 11-07-2020 08:57
Re : Peziza sp.
Are you saying P. berthetiana ???
As you probably noticed, I was also considering this species.
According to Hohmayer, even spores would match this species, but as you probably know, this taxon is considered Mediterranean. So maybe the climate is changing and it is already here?
If I may ask: what region of Russia does your find come from?
However, it is generally believed that P. berthetiana has slightly smaller spores.

This genus is getting more and more difficult, there are many transitional forms and the variability of some species is surprising, such as P. limnaea, for example.
P. michelli, which is a very common species in my area, also often surprises me with its appearance.


Sergey Markov, 11-07-2020 11:46
Re : Peziza sp.
I found these specimens here - 56.202128, 39.162563 - western part of Vladimir region of Russia.
About P.berthetiana I read first from your link. Even if i think that P.berthetiana species can grow so north, but presence of croziers (after the 2'nd attepmt and Nicolas Van Vooren's hint I clearly found them) excludes it.
Here is some microscopy of P.berthetiana -
Collection from this link shows wider spores with smaller Q at the same lengths. Spores from that collection are longer than described in Hohmeyer's key.
But here is no match with my specimens: croziers(+) and no brown pigment in paraphyses (i attached additional two photos about this). My specimens can't be P.berthetiana.
Now i was read "CONTRIBUCIÓN AL ESTUDIO DEL GENERO PEZIZA (Dill.) L. ex St. Amans EN ESPAÑA" by TORRE & CALONGE, and found P.atrospora with similar description (spores, ornamentation, excipulum), but also with brown pigment in paraphyses (not my case), and most spores with one big guttule (in my case amount of spores with single guttule is +-equal to amount of biguttulate spores ).
Do you think these samples can belong to the P.atrospora / P.badioconfusa / P.kallioi group?
WBR, Sergey.
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Nicolas VAN VOOREN, 11-07-2020 16:35
Re : Peziza sp.
Dear all,
Not easy to provide a name for this collection, the only thing I can say that it belongs to the new genus Legaliana (with P. badia as type species) that I proposed to circumscribe the species with uni- or biguttulate ascospores, ornamented with elongated warts, ± anastomosing in a network. P. limnaea belongs to this genus and probably also P. depressa but depends on which you interpretate this species. All the species are macroscopically rather similar.
I strongly suggest to sequence your collection, it will help to better understand the variations in these species.

FYI, I revised the holotype of P. berthetiana, the spore ornamentation is different and contrary to what Donadini said about the ascus base, there are croziers on this species. They appear in a free configuration and may sometimes looks like "aporynchous".
Mirek Gryc, 12-07-2020 07:25
Re : Peziza sp.
Hello all
1200 km may be a lot for us but it is nothing special for a mushroom. I traveled a lot after Russia, but the area around Moscow is unfortunately unknown to me. Too big country to explore the whole.
I am glad that Nicolas was the first to answer, because mine was supposed to be very similar.
Did you mention P. atrospora / P. badioconfusa / P. kallioi? I do not know all species from this group.
You certainly can't compare our collections to P. badioconfusa (= phyllogena). I know her perfectly and the differences are so big I don't see any similarities.
I do not know P.kallioi, but there are opinions that it is a synonym of P. badioconfusa ??

Nicolas, what do you think about this ???

P. atrospora I haven't had the pleasure to find it yet, so I don't know this species, but the literature shows that it is unlikely to be similar?

As can be seen from my description in the atlas, my research led me towards the species that Nicolas confirms, which makes me very happy.



Sergey Markov, 13-07-2020 10:51
Re : Peziza sp.
Hello all!

I itself don't familiar with P.Phyllogena = P.badioconfusa.
I consulted with Eugene Popov from Komarov Botanical Institute, sending all my data about these specimens. His decision - these specimens are P.phyllogena. He also pointed to a spore shape that is more fusiform than ellipsoidal with more obtuse rounded poles for P.depressa. He gave a link to the paper [1]. I studied this paper, and, additionally I studied description of P.badioconfusa from [2].

It seems that in my case there is a very good similarity with P.phyllogena both in the shape, size and ornamentation of the spores (acc. to [1] - this paper contains a lot of information about variability in spores and ornamentation), in the paraphyses, and in the excipulum structure (acc. [2] as P.badioconfusa). In [2], the structure of the excipulum was described very detailed. Also, according to the original description of P.phyllogena cited in [1], prior to synonimizing to P.badioconfusa, them was small speces up to 1 in. (2.5 cm).

P.atrospora spores are bit wider and bit shorter, with single big guttule, and it have brown pigment in the paraphyses - not good similarity. IMO, brown pigment in the paraphyses is an important feature.
P.kallioi is a synonym of P.phyllogena only "ss. auct", it differs (acc. Harmaya) by violet mycelium and a bit smaller spores. Spores of P.kallioi are within normal variability with P.phyllogena, but unfortunately i didn't look at the mycelium. So, I will consider it a synonym of P.phyllogena.

1. Haffner, J. Pseudoapiculate and apiculate cup fungi - emendation. (Recent findings of ascomycetes XVI). Rheinl.-Pfalz. Pilzjour. 5(1):4-31, 1995
2. Donadini, J. C. 1979. Le Genre Peziza Linn. per St Amans (groupe de Peziza badia). Doc. Mycol. 10(37-38): 49-60

Unfortunately, i don't have the ability to sequence as an amateur mycologist.
Your opinion is very important to me. What do you think about this ?

Sergey Markov, 13-07-2020 13:06
Re : Peziza sp.
Hello Mirek!

I additionally studied original description of P.berthetiana - it's here attached. I underlined why my collection can't be this species. I double underlined more critical parameter (also why it isn't P.michelii)
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Mirek Gryc, 15-07-2020 08:58
Re : Peziza sp.
Hi Sergey.
I think we misunderstood? I didn't suggest at all that your sporocarps belong to the species P. michelii or P. berthetiana.

You can pawn P. badioconfusa but you don't show the characteristics of this species?
1) First of all, P. badioconfusa is a spring species and does not occur at this time of year. I don't know when it grows in your area and you don't write when you found it?
2) The spores in your collection have regular drops inside. Maybe it is a very changeable genre, but I was studying at least a dozen collections, which I have never encountered.
The content of spores in this species consists of an irregular mass, distributed in poles.
Compare how it looks in others or in my atlas:
And here a small note: you present spores in various media and, above all, to assess their content, first of all the preparation should be made in H2O. Chemicals distort the image!
3) You don't show exactly the layers of the fruiting body. P. badioconfusa has a clearly visible middle layer composed of the texture intricata (see attached photo).
4. P. badioconfusa is easy to recognize even without a microscope. Its outer surface almost always has a slightly purple hue. If it is not visible, the cross-section of the fruiting body should be viewed under a magnifying glass, the layers are perfectly visible even without using a microscope.

If such features are present in your collection then I am inclined to agree with you.
Several species have similar spores. Suggesting only the appearance of spores (ornamentation) can be misleading.

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Nicolas VAN VOOREN, 17-07-2020 09:08
Re : Peziza sp.
Just few words to complete what Mirek said.
P. phyllogena (= P. badioconfusa) is a spring cup-fungus and its spore content is different, with polar granules not true oil drops. It is now part of the new genus Phylloscypha.
I have no experience of P. atrospora but I don't believe in this hypothesis.
I stay on my position: your collection may belong to Legaliana, close to P. limnaea and P. depressa-like fungi.

Keep this collection in your herbarium, it may be useful for future works.
Sergey Markov, 19-07-2020 16:39
Re : Peziza sp.
Nicolas, Mirek, thank You very much!

Dear All!

After additional consultations with Eugene Popov (incl. about guttules in the spores), he proposed a new prelimiary version: Peziza limnaea ss. Maas Geest. pro parte (non ss. Grelet) and suggested sequencing it. Dried specimens will be sent to him for sequencing.

Maas Geesteranus, R.A. 1967. Studies in cup-fungi - I. Persoonia. 4(4):417-425 - as P.limnaea;
Maas Geesteranus, R. A. (1967) De Fungi van Nederland II. Pezizales - deel I. - Wetenschappelijke Mededelingen van de Koninklijke Nederlandse Natuurhistorische Vereniging 69: 1-84 - as P.limosa

IMO, my fungus fits well into the descriptions given by Maas Geesteranus in these papers. His descriptions are different in the spore ornamentation from original description of P.limnaea.

I added new microphoto with guttules - red in Congo-SDS, white in the pure water.

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Valencia Lopez Francisco Javier, 19-07-2020 18:30
Re : Peziza sp.
Hola a todos
Solo una apreciación en cuanto a P. phyllogena.
He leído que P. P. phyllogena (= P. badioconfusa) es un hongo primaveral, esto es cierto, pero existe una forma de P. phyllogena completamente invernal, P. phyllogena var aguilarensis, muy frecuente en un lugar muy cerca de mi ciudad de Ronda, sur de España, en una dehesa de Quercus ilex con suelo muy arenoso, creciendo siempre en los meses de diciembre-enero, microscópicamente no he visto diferencia, solo el color más violáceo de los ascomas y la época de aparición separan estas dos especies.
Supongo que ahora tenemos que llamarla Phylloscypha phyllogena var aguilarensis.
Saludos a todos.
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Mirek Gryc, 19-07-2020 21:09
Re : Peziza sp.
@ Sergey
I do not have the second publication item you mentioned. If someone has it in electronic form, I would like to share it with me. Thanks in advance.
On the other hand, if we consider the first-mentioned publication, the spores shown there are more suited to my collection, which is presented on the site;
In fact, I could put it on the P. limnaea website, but the differences are so significant that I decided to devote a separate page to it. Is it right? - time will tell.

@ Valencia
I do not know about Spain, but in Poland I find both dark and lighter fruiting bodies at the same time of the year. You can view some of them on the website;
As you will notice, all collections were collected in May-June. However, I noticed one dependence: fruiting bodies growing in sunnier places, they are more purple in color.
best regards

Valencia Lopez Francisco Javier, 19-07-2020 23:12
Re : Peziza sp.
Hola Mirek
Sí, es cierto lo que comentas, P. phyllogena es muy variable, por mis zonas de prospección lo habitual es encontrarla con colores pardo oscuro o color oliva.
Lo que más llama la atención de esta peziza invernal es su época de aparición, tal vez estos colores violeta/violeta oscuro estén influenciados por las bajas temperaturas, gracias por mostrar el sitio web con las bonitas fotos.
Mirek Gryc, 20-07-2020 09:26
Re : Peziza sp.
I already have my age, so I remember winters when in my area, in January and February, the temperatures dropped to minus thirty degrees below zero and there was at least a meter of snow. It is difficult for mushrooms of the genus Peziza to grow in such conditions. I envied you a bit, you had it much warmer. Now we have warmer winters and I am beginning to miss the old snowy winters.
This situation has its advantages but also disadvantages. Snowless winters actually allow a variety of fungi, mostly small Heliotales, to grow. However, they have a negative effect on the population of larger Ascomycota, such as Sarcoscypha and its like. The snow layer protected them from freezing. Despite the global warming, representatives of the genus Peziza do not appear in my winter yet ... but who knows, maybe in a few years they will already grow?
best regards