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17-03-2019 22:26

Ethan Crenson

Found yesterday in New York City.  Substrate is a

18-03-2019 12:06

Enrique Rubio Enrique Rubio

Hi to everybodyThese minute, white, sessile, pruin

18-03-2019 11:32

Peter Püwert Peter Püwert

Hi all, here I find no solution. Apos max. 1 x o,

11-03-2019 14:02

Elisabeth Stöckli

 Bonjour, Récolté sur branche morte de lierre

17-03-2019 22:36

Joop van der Lee

Found on deer dung.Disk: White later brown when ov

17-03-2019 21:38

Ethan Crenson

Hello all, In New York City yesterday I came acro

17-03-2019 10:12

Pintos Angel Pintos Angel

Good morning,  has anybody information about Nect

17-03-2019 13:54

peter peperkamp

can  someone give me a hint ? on  pinus cone

17-03-2019 12:12

Thomas Læssøe

A very tiny disco accompanied by Venturiocistella

16-03-2019 21:18

Thorben Hülsewig

Hi there, some days ago i found on bark from Malu

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Unknown schizothecium
Joop van der Lee, 09-12-2018 23:06
Found on cow dung. Fruitbody is covered with tufs of agglutinated hairs starting in the neck area.
Fruitbody: 249.0x127.35 um (without the neck), neck 22.1x44.1 um. Tufs of agglutinated haris 64.8-79.2 um. These tufs do not crown the neck like in S. conicum.
Asci: 244x19.3 um (when spores are uniseriate) and 244x30.9 um (when biseriate at the top part of the ascus). Ascus has as a curling long stipe of 71.5 um.
Spores: uniseriate at first, but soon biseriate with one row of 6 spores and 2 spores near the top in the second row. 27.3-28.5x15.1-15.7 um, pedicel 8.7-9.4x2.4-2.8 um, upper cauda 22.4x4.10 um, longitudinally grooved, secondary cauda at the end of the pedicel 13.8x2.0 um, 6 lateral caudea along the whole length of the pedicel with variable length and width.
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Sven Heinz, 10-12-2018 20:56
Sven Heinz
Re : Unknown schizothecium
Hello Joop,

in my opinion it is Schizothecium conicum. It is a very variable mushroom!

Greetings Sven
Yulia Lytvynenko, 11-12-2018 05:15
Re : Unknown schizothecium
Hello! Yes, why not Schizothecium conicum? Are you confused 6 lateral caudea?
Michel Delpont, 11-12-2018 08:15
Michel Delpont
Re : Unknown schizothecium
S.conicum or S.aloides can occur with some vatiations. It happened to me to find the latter several times with little hair on the top or even not at all.

Joop van der Lee, 13-12-2018 23:21
Re : Unknown schizothecium
Hello Yulia,

No I am not confused but I want to know if there is a difference in the total number of lateral caudea between Schizothecium species.

I do think there is a difference between S. aloides and S. conicum but I do not have proof.

What I did find are black spots in the pedicel representing points where the cauda did break off from the pedicel. But it does not indicate the total number of caudea because we do not have the the whole pedicel in a 360 degree view. 

Photo #1 is from S. aloides
Photo #2 is from S. conicum
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Yulia Lytvynenko, 14-12-2018 06:40
Re : Unknown schizothecium
Dear Joop,
I agree that hairs are a very variable sign. So for the Schizothecium conicum many authors describe the hairs covering only the upper part of perithecium and forming a collar of agglutinated triangular scales at the neck base.
But more than once I observed samples of S. conicum, in which the hairs are evenly cover the entire perithecium and do not form a well-visible collar.
As for appendages, much less attention is paid to this feature. I have read the works of many authors. In some of them, lateral caudea are not mentioned at all.
For S. conicum and S. aloides describe only the lower cauda at the apex of the pedicel and continuous with a thin gelatinous sheath over the pedicel. ... or basal cauda as a gelatinous sheath surrounding pedicel ... or caudae not observed.
Practically no one describes the whorl of small secondary appendages at the base of the pedicel or over the pedicel. F. Doveri describes similar appendages near the base of the pedicel, near the septum: two for the S. aloides and one to three for the S. conicum. I also can not always see them when studying samples. I think that the presence of appendages depends on the degree of maturity of the samples.
Best regards,
Michel Delpont, 14-12-2018 16:26
Michel Delpont
Re : Unknown schizothecium
Hello Joop!

Also beware of artefacts, it is quite difficult to highlight some appendages, which can cause confusion and errors.

Yulia Lytvynenko, 15-12-2018 05:40
Re : Unknown schizothecium
P.S. Joop, did you try to use Aqueous Cotton Blue or any other dye for staining the hyaline appendages?
Joop van der Lee, 15-12-2018 18:05
Re : Unknown schizothecium
Hello Michel,

No I did not, but I can try.
And I do agree with Yulia that the fruitbody has to be mature but not too mature for then the asci inside the fruitbody are desolved and the fruitbody is filled with spores also no appendages are present.