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23-09-2018 22:21

Marc Detollenaere Marc Detollenaere

Good evening, On dead leaves of Ammophila I found

23-09-2018 13:36

Rubén Martínez Gil Rubén Martínez Gil

Hola a todos. Subo unas fotos de una Peziza que e

23-09-2018 05:26

xian zhang xian zhang

Hello everyone, Is this specimen Pachyella clypen

23-09-2018 14:10

Rubén Martínez Gil Rubén Martínez Gil

Hola a todos. Subo unas fotos de una Peziza que e

21-09-2018 23:44

Edouard Evangelisti Edouard Evangelisti

Bonjour le forum, Pourriez-vous m'aider à confir

13-09-2018 19:17

Marc Detollenaere Marc Detollenaere

Dear forum, Yesterday I found setous fruit bodies

21-09-2018 15:10

Johan Myhrer

Central sweden in a marsh by a shallow lake I foun

21-09-2018 11:57

Vasileios Kaounas Vasileios Kaounas

At the moment I do not have enough data.Just a fri

18-09-2018 21:28

Jacky Launoy

On moose dung (Alces alces) collected in Sweden (P

19-09-2018 15:30


Bonjour.Je cherche une version digitale de ce docu

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Synnemata on Russula
Alain GARDIENNET, 04-10-2017 20:05

Hi forum,

I can't identify this hyphomycete on old black Russula.

White synnemata less than 1mm, with subglobose conidial mass,  producing ciliate hyalin aseptate conidia, 6-7 x 2 µm, with 4-11 µm long appendages .


  • message #50618
  • message #50618
Jason Karakehian, 04-10-2017 20:43
Jason Karakehian
Re : Synnemata on Russula
Those are some really good photos. I wonder though if they aren't pycnidia? It looks like the masses of conidia are emerging from a peridium of hyaline tissue?
Jacques Fournier, 05-10-2017 10:07
Jacques Fournier
Re : Synnemata on Russula
salut Alain,
je pense que Jason a raison. Un synnema est porté par un stipe, souvent long, constitué d'hyphes en palissade qui se différencient en cellules conidiogènes au sommet.
Il faudrait voir aussi à quoi ressemblent les cellules conidiogènes, qui se trouvent peut-être à la base de la pycnide.
Une coupe longitudinale de la pycnide s'impose! ça t'apprendra à lorgner les Russules!
Amuse toi bien,
Jason Karakehian, 05-10-2017 14:39
Jason Karakehian
Re : Synnemata on Russula
Yes. Determining what type of conidiomata you have will direct you to literature specific to that type. For instance, when we have pycnidia or acervuli we can turn to Sutton's The Coelomycetes. Fungi imperfecti with pycnidia, acervuli and stromata. 1980. Best - J
Alain GARDIENNET, 06-10-2017 07:32
Re : Synnemata on Russula


I only find time to answer.

I will do again new microscopy, probably on sunday. I can show you now another picture corresponding probably to the top of synnemata-like.



  • message #50643
Spooren Marco, 08-10-2017 11:35
Spooren Marco
Re : Synnemata on Russula
Hello Alain,

I do not have a speciesname for you,but the synnemateous fungi, the genera, are nice3ly discribed in "Genera of hyphomycetes ", from Seifert and Gams  and so.


Hermann Voglmayr, 09-10-2017 18:07
Hermann Voglmayr
Re : Synnemata on Russula
Hi Alain,
look at Eleutheromyces subulatus. Grows, amongst others, on Russula and blackens the basidiomata.
Alain GARDIENNET, 10-10-2017 21:52
Re : Synnemata on Russula

and the winner is... Hermann ! Congratulations.

Here are cells of conidiomata wall.

Thank you to all, especially to Hermann, of course.


  • message #50689